Archive Page 2

Tuesday 3rd March

This week’s workshop sessions will be an introduction to Flash CS3: the interface, creating simple animations. Please make sure you have acces to the images you have made for your Flickr slideshows as we will hopefully have time to use these images to make a simple interactive slideshow in Flash.

Tuesday 24th Feb

We are spending the day in the workshops looking at your web artefacts. As this will take up quite a lot of time there will not be a lecture as we will be using this time to discuss feedback and initial marks.

The workshops will begin as normal at 9am. In order for us to see you promptly it is important that you come to your group time slot.

Surveilance & Privacy in a Networked World

Sousveillance : What type of Surveillance is this?

Sousveillance original French [suvɛjɑ̃s]) as well as inverse surveillance are terms coined by Steve Mann to describe the recording of an activity from the perspective of a participant in the activity, typically by way of small portable or wearable recording devices that often stream continuous live video to the Internet.

Inverse surveillance is a proper subset of sousveillance with a particular emphasis on “watchful vigilance from underneath” and a form of surveillance inquiry or legal protection involving the recording, monitoring, study, or analysis of surveillance systems, proponents of surveillance, and possibly also recordings of authority figures and their actions. Inverse surveillance is typically an activity undertaken by those who are generally the subject of surveillance, and may thus be thought of as a form of ethnography or ethnomethodology study (i.e. an analysis of the surveilled from the perspective of a participant in a society under surveillance)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sousveillance

Read the article from wikipedia and follow some of the links at the bottom of the article. These links are are worth following.

http://www.anonequity.org/weblog/archives/2006/01/exploring_equiv_1.php

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn13130

http://www.reason.com/news/show/28942.html


Ask yourselves some questions:

  • Do you think about the identifiable trail that you leave whilst using networks?
  • Do you worry about being tracked by your online activity?
  • Do you worry about being tracked in the real world?
  • Has your picture been taken by a government body?
  • What information do you place online?

Panoptican : http://www.cartome.org/panopticon1.htm

The PANOPTICON was proposed as a model prison by Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), a Utilitarian philosopher and theorist of British legal reform.

The Panopticon (“all-seeing”) functioned as a round-the-clock surveillance machine. Its design ensured that no prisoner could ever see the ‘inspector’ who conducted surveillance from the privileged central location within the radial configuration. The prisoner could never know when he was being surveilled — mental uncertainty that in itself would prove to be a crucial instrument of discipline.

The New Surveillance:


Freedom of Information Activism Online: http://www.cfoi.org.uk/

Surveilance Society Critique:

http://wearcam.org/sousveillance.htm


Facebook and Social Networking Software:

It’s worth how much?

• 15 reasons Facebook may be worth $15 billion BBC article

• There’s less to Facebook and other social networks than meets the eye Economist article

• Social graph, Social network Wikipedia (usual disclaimer)

• On valuation, bidding war Microsoft, Google, NewsCorp: Friend accepted Economist article

The (future) value is in advertising

‘Facebook is expected this year to bring in just $150m of revenues through adverts and extras – about $3 per user per year, or less than 3 pence per week.For all the big “social networking” names – MySpace, Facebook, Bebo, LinkedIn – the only way to make money is through advertising….the future of making money from social networks is reckoned to lie in having the best advertising network (or platform): being able to thrust carefully targeted pieces of text, pictures or even video in front of people’s eyes.’Guardian article

Facebook announcements

‘Facebook is announcing three things: Social Ads (ads targeted based on member profile data and spread virally), Beacon (a way for Facebook members to declare themselves fans of a brand on other sites and send those endorsements to their feeds), and Insight (marketing data that goes deep into social demographics and pyschographics which Facebook will provide to advertisers in an aggregated, anonymous way). These three things together make up Facebook Ads.’GuardianCompany linksAnnouncementA video of Facebook’s chief revenue officer Owen Van Natta’s presentation at a U. K. marketing conference

Commentary

• Privacy ‘Is Facebook Beacon a privacy nightmare?’ Om Malik

• Spam Facebook fatigue

• ‘Identity is performed and crafted in Facebook’ Boundaries, identity

• Tapping at the window Peeping

Questions to ask yourselves:

So how do you feel about social advertising and use of data which identifies you?

• Does this change matter?

• Will people react by moving to other social networks?

• Is the effort (opportunity cost) of moving to another network too great? Have Facebook achieved software lock-in?

Technology:

• Plugins for adding pictures and so on have been part of the success of facebook. Tell us about the plugins you find useful.

• Open standards, Google Open Social

Some alternatives

Your Responses could be…..

Write a blog entry commenting on one of the following:

• ‘Unlike other networks, social networks lose value once they go beyond a certain size.’ Discuss with reference to Facebook.

• Beacon and social advertising. Smart move, or not?

• Review a Facebook plugin. What makes a successful plugin for social networking?

More resources:Useful Visual tracking history of Social Networks

SNS timeline

A good overview of the field, Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship, by Danah Boyd and Nicole Ellison in the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication.

A very critical piece by Tom Hodgkinson. Who owns Facebook? What are their political beliefs? Have you read the Facebook privacy policy? With friends like these …

All the start ups covered. Some to IPO, some to the deadpool Techcrunch

All the Social Networking News at Mashable.com

Workshop & Lecture Tuesday 10th Feb

Workshops and lecture will be as normal tomorrow. Activity week is the following week (16th-21st Feb) and there will not be any workshops and lectures for that week.

After Activity week we will be beginning workshop sessions on Flash and you will be given your final artefact to think about, research and create.

A Brief History of the Internet

A Little History of the World Wide Web From the world wide web consortium

See also How It All
Started presentation
matierals from the W3C
10th Anniversary Celebration
and other
references
.

<a href=”http://www.w3.org/2004/Talks/w3c10-HowItAllStarted/&#8221;

A talk Given by Tim Berners Lee

from 1945 to 1995

1945

Vannevar Bush writes
href=”
http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/computer/bushf.htm”>an
article in Atlantic
Monthly
about a photo-electrical-mechanical device called a Memex, for
memory extension, which could make and follow links between documents on
microfiche

1960s

Doug Engelbart prototypes an “oNLine System” (NLS) which does hypertext
browsing editing, email, and so on. He invents the mouse for this purpose.
See the Bootstrap Institute
library
.

Ted Nelson coins the word Hypertext in A File Structure for the
Complex, the Changing, and the Indeterminate
. 20th National
Conference, New York, Association for Computing
Machinery
, 1965. See also:
href=”
http://www.sfc.keio.ac.jp/~ted/TN/PUBS/LM/LMpage.html”>Literary
Machines, a
href=”
http://www.lcc.gatech.edu/~harpold/papers/ht_bibliography/history.html”>hypertext
bibliography.

Andy van Dam and others build the Hypertext Editing System and FRESS in
1967.

1980

While consulting for CERN June-December of 1980, Tim Berners-Lee writes a
notebook program, “Enquire-Within-Upon-Everything”, which allows links to be
made between arbitrary nodes. Each node had a title, a type, and a list of
bidirectional typed links. “ENQUIRE” ran on Norsk Data machines under
SINTRAN-III. See: Enquire user manual
as scanned images
or as HTML
page
(alt).


1989

March
“Information Management: A
Proposal”
written by Tim BLand circulated for comments at CERN
(TBL). Paper “HyperText and CERN” produced as background (
href=”/Administration/HTandCERN.txt”>text
or WriteNow
format).

1990

May
Same proposal
recirculated
September
Mike Sendall, Tim’s boss, Oks the purchase of a NeXT cube, and allows
Tim to go ahead and write a global hypertext system.
October
Tim starts work on a hypertext GUI browser+editor using the NeXTStep
development environment. He makes up “WorldWideWeb” as a name for the
program. (See the first
browser
screenshot) “World Wide Web” as a name for the project
(over Information Mesh, Mine of Information, and Information Mine).
Project original proposal
reformulated with encouragement from CN and ECP divisional management.
Robert Cailliau (ECP) joins and is
co-author of new version.
November
Initial WorldWideWeb
program
development continues on the NeXT (
href=”People.html#BernersLee”>TBL
) . This was a “what you see is
what you get” (wysiwyg) browser/editor with direct inline creation of
links. The first web server was nxoc01.cern.ch, later called
info.cern.ch, and the first web page
http://nxoc01.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html Unfortunately CERN
no longer supports the historical site. Note from this era too, the
href=”History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/WWW/Link.html”>least
recently modified web page
we know of, last changed Tue, 13 Nov
1990 15:17:00 GMT (though the URI changed.)
November
Technical Student Nicola Pellow (CN)
joins and starts work on the line-mode browser. Bernd
href=”People.html#Pollermann”>Pollermann
(CN) helps get interface
to CERNVM “FIND” index running. TBL gives a
href=”news:3199@cernvax.cern.ch”>colloquium
on hypertext in
general.
Christmas
Line mode browser and
href=”People/Berners-Lee/FAQ.html#browser”>WorldWideWeb

browser/editor demonstrable. Acces is possible to hypertext files,
CERNVM “FIND”, and Internet news articles.

1991

February
workplan for the purposes of ECP
division.
26 February 1991
Presentation of the project to the
ECP/PT group.
March
Line mode browser (www) released to limited audience on “priam” vax,
rs6000, sun4.
May
Workplan produced
for CN/AS group
17 May
Presentation to “C5” Committee.
General release of WWW on central CERN machines.
12 June
CERN Computer Seminar on
WWW.
August
Files available on the net by FTP, posted on
alt.hypertext (
href=”/People/Berners-Lee/1991/08/art-6484.txt”>6
,
href=”/People/Berners-Lee/1991/08/art-6487.txt”>16
, 19th Aug),
comp.sys.next (20th), comp.text.sgml and comp.mail.multi-media (22nd).
Jean-Francois Groff joins the
project.
October
VMS/HELP and WAIS gateways installed. Mailing lists www-interest (now
www-announce) and www-talk@info.cern.ch (see
href=”
http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/archives/WWW-TALK/www-talk-1991.index.html”>archive)
started. One year status report. Anonymous telnet service started.
December
Presented poster and demonstration at
href=”../Conferences/HT91/Overview.html”>Hypertext’91
in San
Antonio, Texas (US). W3 browser installed on VM/CMS. CERN
href=”
http://crnvmc/FIND?:cnl+204″>computer newsletter announces W3
to the HEP world.Dec 12: Paul Kunz installs first Web server outside of Europe, at
SLAC.

1992

15 January
Line mode browser release 1.1 available by anonymous FTP (see
href=”News/9201.html”>news
). Presentation to AIHEP’92 at La Londe
(FR).
12 February
Line mode v 1.2 annouced on alt.hypertext, comp.infosystems,
comp.mail.multi-media, cern.sting, comp.archives.admin, and mailing
lists.
April
29th April: Release of Finnish “Erwise” GUI client for X
mentioned in
href=”History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/Erwise/Review.html”>review

by TimBL.
May
Pei Wei’s “Viola” GUI browser for X test version dated May 15.
(See
href=”History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/Viola/Review.html”>review

by TimBL)At CERN, Presentation and
href=”../Conferences/JENC92/Demonstrations.html#3″>demo
at
href=”../Conferences/JENC92/Sessions.html”>JENC3
, Innsbruck (AT).
Technical Student Carl Barker (ECP) joins
the project.
June
Presentation and demo at HEPVM (Lyon). People at FNAL (Fermi National
Accelerator Laboratory (US)), NIKHEF (Nationaal Instituut voor Kern- en
Hoge Energie Fysika, (NL)), DESY (Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron,
Hamburg, (DE)) join with WWW servers.
July
Distribution of WWW through CernLib, including Viola. WWW library
code ported to DECnet. Report to the Advisory Board on Computing.
August
Introduction of CVS for code management
at CERN.
September
Plenary session demonstration to the HEP community at CHEP’92 in
Annecy (FR).
November
Jump back in time to a snapshot of the
href=”History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html”>WWW
Project Page as of 3 Nov 1992
and the WWW project web of the time,
including the list of all 26 resoanably reliable
href=”History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/DataSources/WWW/Servers.html”>servers
,
NCSA’s having just been added, but no sign of Mosaic.

1993

January
By now, Midas (Tony Johnson, SLAC), Erwise (HUT), and Viola (Pei Wei,
O’Reilly Associates) browsers are available for X; CERN Mac browser
(ECP) released as alpha. Around 50 known HTTP servers.
February
NCSA release first alpha version of Marc Andreessen’s “Mosaic for X”.
Computing seminar at CERN.
The University of Minnesota
href=”
http://www.funet.fi/pub/vms/networking/gopher/gopher-software-licensing-policy.ancient”>announcedthat they would begin to charge licensing fees for Gopher’s use, which
caused many volunteers and employees to stop using it and switch to
WWW.
March
WWW (Port 80 HTTP) traffic measures 0.1% of NSF backbone traffic. WWW
presented at Online
Publishing 93
, Pittsburgh.The Acceptable Use Policy prohibiting commercial use of the Internet

href=”
https://mywebspace.wisc.edu/jcthomsonjr/web/j561/NSFpolicy-7.html”>re-interpreted.,
so that it becomes becomes allowed.
April
April 30: Date on the declaration by CERN’s directors that WWW
technology would be freely usable by anyone, with no fees being payable
to CERN. A milestone document.
July
Ari Luotonen (ECP) joins the project at CERN. He implements access
authorisation, proceeds to re-write the CERN httpd server.
July 28-30
O’Reilly hosts first
href=”History/1994/WWW/WorkingNotes/Overview.html#z45″>WWW Wizards
Workshop
in Cambridge Mass (US).
September
WWW (Port 80 http) traffic measures 1% of NSF backbone traffic. NCSA
releases working versions of Mosaic browser for all common platforms:
X, PC/Windows and Macintosh.September 6-10: On a bus at a
href=”
http://www.cs.ncl.ac.uk/old/events/intl.seminars/1993/contents.html”>seminar
Information at Newcastle University, MIT’s Prof. David
Gifford suggests Tim BL contact Michael Dertouzos of MIT/LCS as a
possible consortium host site.
October
Over 200 known HTTP servers. The European Commission, the Fraunhofer
Gesellschaft and CERN start the first Web-based project of the European
Union (DG XIII): WISE, using the Web for dissemination of technological
information to Europe’s less favoured regions.
December
WWW receives IMA award. John Markov writes a page and a half on WWW
and Mosaic in “The New York Times” (US) business section. “The
Guardian” (UK) publishes a page on WWW, “The Economist” (UK) analyses
the Internet and WWW.Robert Cailliau gets go-ahead from CERN management to organise the
First International WWW Conference at CERN.

1994

January
O’Reilly, Spry, etc announce “Internet in a box” product to bring the
Web into homes.
March
Marc Andreessen and colleagues leave NCSA to form “Mosaic
Communications Corp” (later Netscape).
May 25-27
First International WWW
Conference
, CERN, Geneva. Heavily oversubscribed (800 apply, 400
allowed in): the “Woodstock of the Web”. VRML is conceived here. TBL’s
closing keynote hints at upcoming organization. (Some of Tim’s
href=”/Talks/WWW94Tim/”>slides on Semantic Web
)
June
M. Bangemann
href=”
http://www.earn.net/EC/bangemann.html”>report on European
Commission Information Superhighway plan. Over 1500 registered servers.Load on the first Web server (info.cern.ch) 1000 times what it has
been 3 years earlier.
alt=”Over June ’91 to June 94, stead” />

July
MIT/CERN agreement to start W3 Organisation is announced by Bangemann
in Boston.
href=”//dxcern/userd/timbl/hypertext/WWW/History/Press/Release_940707.html”>Press
release
.
href=”//dxcern/userd/timbl/hypertext/WWW/History/Press/940708_Clarinet.txt”>AP
wire
. Reports in Wall Street Journal, Boston Globe etc.
August
Founding of the
href=”
http://sdg.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Public/IW3C2″>IW3C2: the
International WWW Conference Committee, in Boston, by NCSA and
CERN.
September
The European Commission and CERN propose the WebCore project for
development of the Web core technology in Europe.
1 October
World Wide Web Consortium founded.
October
Second International WWW
href=”
http://141.142.3.70/SDG/IT94/IT94Info-old.html”>Conference:
“Mosaic and the Web”, Chicago. Also heavily oversubscribed: 2000 apply,
1300 allowed in.
14 December
First W3
href=”./Consortium/Prospectus/Overview.html”>Consortium

Meeting at M.I.T. in Cambridge (USA).
15 December
First meeting with European Industry and the European Consortium
branch, at the European
Commission
, Brussels.
16 December
CERN Council approves unanimously the construction of the
href=”
http://www.cern.ch/CERN/LHC/LHCwelcome.html”>LHC (Large
Hadron Collider) accelerator, CERN’s next machine and competitor to the
US’ already defunct SSC (Superconducting Supercollider). Stringent
budget conditions are however imposed. CERN thus decides not to
continue WWW development, and in concertation with the European
Commission and INRIA (the Institut
National pour la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, FR)
transfers the WebCore project to INRIA.

1995

February
the Web is the main reason for the theme of the G7 meeting hosted by
the European Commission in the European Parliament buildings in
Brussels (BE).
March
CERN holds a two-day
href=”
http://www.cern.ch/CERN/WorldWideWeb/mediaday/”>seminar for
the European Media (press, radio, TV), attended by 250 reporters, to
show WWW. It is demonstrated on 60 machines, with 30 pupils from the
local International High School helping the reporters “surf the
Web”.
April
Third International WWW
href=”
http://www.igd.fhg.de/www/www95/www95.html”>Conference:
“Tools and Applications”, hosted by the
href=”
http://www.fhg.de/index.html”>Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, in
Darmstadt (DE)
June
Founding of the Web Society in
Graz (AT), by the Technical University of Graz (home of Hyper-G), CERN,
the University of Minnesota (home of Gopher) and INRIA.

See also:


Dan Connolly, 2000Webmasterfeedback to www-talk (
href=”
http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-talk/”>archive) and/or
href=”mailto:site-comments@w3.org”>site-comments
(
href=”
http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/site-comments/”>archive),
please

$Revision: 1.49 $ of $Date: 2006/06/13 22:35:21 $

created circa 1995 by Robert Cailliau

The Read Write web

Dan Gilmour article http://www.authorama.com/we-the-media-3.html

Viral Video The Machine is Using US:

Your Second Artefact Due 10th Feb

We want you to show us how you can use your new HTML and CSS skills using Dreamweaver.

We are asking you to produce a series of linked pages in HTML code that includes style elements controlled by CSS. The pages can include your previous images used from your first artefact or you can produce or use new images.

You must include Images that work as links, text that work as links, links to other web sites as well as your own pages. Your pages must have styled text using CSS and control of background colour using CSS.

All of your code and other assets for your pages must be saved inside one folder and the folder must have your initials and surname to identify it as yours.

Save your folder of assets onto a usb stick ready to hand in on Tuesday 10th February. Also identify your usb stick with your name. You will get the usb stick back and wil be using this for your final flash based and HTML artefact.

Convergence and the Music Industry

Week 3:Lets Begin with this: http://newmusicstrategies.com/

And: http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/15137581/the_record_industrys_decline/print

How is the music industry responding to the development of file sharing and music download sites? What has characterised the overall response of the music industry? How has this industry been challenged by the development of new internet technologies?

  • Links and Material From Nick Middleton
  • I’d like to begin with a current news story showing how the big players in the music industry are reacting to the restructuring of music distribution over the last few years: downloading, P2P, iTunes, internet radio, social networking and so on.
  • Read the following three pieces. The main story: Universal launches Total Music and two reactions.
  • Start here Business Week
  • Guardian
  • John Gruber’s Daring Fireball
  • I’d like you to make a note of your reaction to this story.’Music industry seizes the initiative with innovative free music service’? ‘Desperate attempt to retain monopoly control over music distribution’? ‘End of iTunes domination’? ‘Dinosaurs extinct, who cares’?Will Total Music succeed, or fail?
  • Lecture: Total Music. Flashback, a quick recap on recent history: how did we arrive at this point? I’ll review what’s happened, with (brief) reference to law, business, technology and culture to see if we can identify some of the reasons *why* we have arrived at this point. If we could identify the drivers of change we’d know what to do. I’ll offer some criteria for assessing whether an idea is likely to succeed in the era of Web 2.0.

Week 3 lecture notes January update: RSS readers, Sony Public Relations Vs bloggers, Amazon store to challenge iTunes dominance? week-3-notes.pdf

More Useful Links.

Some of the most succinct commentary comes from the Fake Steve Job’s blog. It is an interesting blog to follow anyway but had particular take on the current challenge to the established music industry.

A useful resource for those of you with an ongoing interest in the music industry is a blog by a Birmingham (UCE) academic Andrew Dubber.

New Music Strategies http://newmusicstrategies.com/

He has rolled up a series of posts about Online Music into an Ebook, a 96 page PDF ‘The 20 things you must know about music online’. Includes handy discussion on Web 2.0 and the Long Tail. A lot of the strategies he advocates apply to other media and online services.

Download it from here. http://newmusicstrategies.com/ebook/

Music News Pdf Update: To download click on the link below1.2 billion people online and ‘… there have never been so many people united by their extreme reluctance to pay for anything. ‘Music Bulletin

‘Everything in the music industry is up, except CD sales’says Chris ‘Long Tail’ Anderson

http://www.longtail.com/the_long_tail/2007/10/everything-in-t.html