Archive for the 'groups' Category

Surveilance & Privacy in a Networked World

Sousveillance : What type of Surveillance is this?

Sousveillance original French [suvɛjɑ̃s]) as well as inverse surveillance are terms coined by Steve Mann to describe the recording of an activity from the perspective of a participant in the activity, typically by way of small portable or wearable recording devices that often stream continuous live video to the Internet.

Inverse surveillance is a proper subset of sousveillance with a particular emphasis on “watchful vigilance from underneath” and a form of surveillance inquiry or legal protection involving the recording, monitoring, study, or analysis of surveillance systems, proponents of surveillance, and possibly also recordings of authority figures and their actions. Inverse surveillance is typically an activity undertaken by those who are generally the subject of surveillance, and may thus be thought of as a form of ethnography or ethnomethodology study (i.e. an analysis of the surveilled from the perspective of a participant in a society under surveillance)

Read the article from wikipedia and follow some of the links at the bottom of the article. These links are are worth following.

Ask yourselves some questions:

  • Do you think about the identifiable trail that you leave whilst using networks?
  • Do you worry about being tracked by your online activity?
  • Do you worry about being tracked in the real world?
  • Has your picture been taken by a government body?
  • What information do you place online?

Panoptican :

The PANOPTICON was proposed as a model prison by Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), a Utilitarian philosopher and theorist of British legal reform.

The Panopticon (“all-seeing”) functioned as a round-the-clock surveillance machine. Its design ensured that no prisoner could ever see the ‘inspector’ who conducted surveillance from the privileged central location within the radial configuration. The prisoner could never know when he was being surveilled — mental uncertainty that in itself would prove to be a crucial instrument of discipline.

The New Surveillance:

Freedom of Information Activism Online:

Surveilance Society Critique:

Facebook and Social Networking Software:

It’s worth how much?

• 15 reasons Facebook may be worth $15 billion BBC article

• There’s less to Facebook and other social networks than meets the eye Economist article

• Social graph, Social network Wikipedia (usual disclaimer)

• On valuation, bidding war Microsoft, Google, NewsCorp: Friend accepted Economist article

The (future) value is in advertising

‘Facebook is expected this year to bring in just $150m of revenues through adverts and extras – about $3 per user per year, or less than 3 pence per week.For all the big “social networking” names – MySpace, Facebook, Bebo, LinkedIn – the only way to make money is through advertising….the future of making money from social networks is reckoned to lie in having the best advertising network (or platform): being able to thrust carefully targeted pieces of text, pictures or even video in front of people’s eyes.’Guardian article

Facebook announcements

‘Facebook is announcing three things: Social Ads (ads targeted based on member profile data and spread virally), Beacon (a way for Facebook members to declare themselves fans of a brand on other sites and send those endorsements to their feeds), and Insight (marketing data that goes deep into social demographics and pyschographics which Facebook will provide to advertisers in an aggregated, anonymous way). These three things together make up Facebook Ads.’GuardianCompany linksAnnouncementA video of Facebook’s chief revenue officer Owen Van Natta’s presentation at a U. K. marketing conference


• Privacy ‘Is Facebook Beacon a privacy nightmare?’ Om Malik

• Spam Facebook fatigue

• ‘Identity is performed and crafted in Facebook’ Boundaries, identity

• Tapping at the window Peeping

Questions to ask yourselves:

So how do you feel about social advertising and use of data which identifies you?

• Does this change matter?

• Will people react by moving to other social networks?

• Is the effort (opportunity cost) of moving to another network too great? Have Facebook achieved software lock-in?


• Plugins for adding pictures and so on have been part of the success of facebook. Tell us about the plugins you find useful.

• Open standards, Google Open Social

Some alternatives

Your Responses could be…..

Write a blog entry commenting on one of the following:

• ‘Unlike other networks, social networks lose value once they go beyond a certain size.’ Discuss with reference to Facebook.

• Beacon and social advertising. Smart move, or not?

• Review a Facebook plugin. What makes a successful plugin for social networking?

More resources:Useful Visual tracking history of Social Networks

SNS timeline

A good overview of the field, Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship, by Danah Boyd and Nicole Ellison in the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication.

A very critical piece by Tom Hodgkinson. Who owns Facebook? What are their political beliefs? Have you read the Facebook privacy policy? With friends like these …

All the start ups covered. Some to IPO, some to the deadpool Techcrunch

All the Social Networking News at


Workshop & Lecture Tuesday 10th Feb

Workshops and lecture will be as normal tomorrow. Activity week is the following week (16th-21st Feb) and there will not be any workshops and lectures for that week.

After Activity week we will be beginning workshop sessions on Flash and you will be given your final artefact to think about, research and create.

A Brief History of the Internet

A Little History of the World Wide Web From the world wide web consortium

See also How It All
Started presentation
matierals from the W3C
10th Anniversary Celebration
and other

<a href=”;

A talk Given by Tim Berners Lee

from 1945 to 1995


Vannevar Bush writes
article in Atlantic
about a photo-electrical-mechanical device called a Memex, for
memory extension, which could make and follow links between documents on


Doug Engelbart prototypes an “oNLine System” (NLS) which does hypertext
browsing editing, email, and so on. He invents the mouse for this purpose.
See the Bootstrap Institute

Ted Nelson coins the word Hypertext in A File Structure for the
Complex, the Changing, and the Indeterminate
. 20th National
Conference, New York, Association for Computing
, 1965. See also:
Machines, a

Andy van Dam and others build the Hypertext Editing System and FRESS in


While consulting for CERN June-December of 1980, Tim Berners-Lee writes a
notebook program, “Enquire-Within-Upon-Everything”, which allows links to be
made between arbitrary nodes. Each node had a title, a type, and a list of
bidirectional typed links. “ENQUIRE” ran on Norsk Data machines under
SINTRAN-III. See: Enquire user manual
as scanned images
or as HTML


“Information Management: A
written by Tim BLand circulated for comments at CERN
(TBL). Paper “HyperText and CERN” produced as background (
or WriteNow


Same proposal
Mike Sendall, Tim’s boss, Oks the purchase of a NeXT cube, and allows
Tim to go ahead and write a global hypertext system.
Tim starts work on a hypertext GUI browser+editor using the NeXTStep
development environment. He makes up “WorldWideWeb” as a name for the
program. (See the first
screenshot) “World Wide Web” as a name for the project
(over Information Mesh, Mine of Information, and Information Mine).
Project original proposal
reformulated with encouragement from CN and ECP divisional management.
Robert Cailliau (ECP) joins and is
co-author of new version.
Initial WorldWideWeb
development continues on the NeXT (
) . This was a “what you see is
what you get” (wysiwyg) browser/editor with direct inline creation of
links. The first web server was, later called, and the first web page Unfortunately CERN
no longer supports the historical site. Note from this era too, the
recently modified web page
we know of, last changed Tue, 13 Nov
1990 15:17:00 GMT (though the URI changed.)
Technical Student Nicola Pellow (CN)
joins and starts work on the line-mode browser. Bernd
(CN) helps get interface
to CERNVM “FIND” index running. TBL gives a
on hypertext in
Line mode browser and

browser/editor demonstrable. Acces is possible to hypertext files,
CERNVM “FIND”, and Internet news articles.


workplan for the purposes of ECP
26 February 1991
Presentation of the project to the
ECP/PT group.
Line mode browser (www) released to limited audience on “priam” vax,
rs6000, sun4.
Workplan produced
for CN/AS group
17 May
Presentation to “C5” Committee.
General release of WWW on central CERN machines.
12 June
CERN Computer Seminar on
Files available on the net by FTP, posted on
alt.hypertext (
, 19th Aug), (20th), comp.text.sgml and comp.mail.multi-media (22nd).
Jean-Francois Groff joins the
VMS/HELP and WAIS gateways installed. Mailing lists www-interest (now
www-announce) and (see
started. One year status report. Anonymous telnet service started.
Presented poster and demonstration at
in San
Antonio, Texas (US). W3 browser installed on VM/CMS. CERN
http://crnvmc/FIND?:cnl+204″>computer newsletter announces W3
to the HEP world.Dec 12: Paul Kunz installs first Web server outside of Europe, at


15 January
Line mode browser release 1.1 available by anonymous FTP (see
). Presentation to AIHEP’92 at La Londe
12 February
Line mode v 1.2 annouced on alt.hypertext, comp.infosystems,
comp.mail.multi-media, cern.sting, comp.archives.admin, and mailing
29th April: Release of Finnish “Erwise” GUI client for X
mentioned in

by TimBL.
Pei Wei’s “Viola” GUI browser for X test version dated May 15.

by TimBL)At CERN, Presentation and
, Innsbruck (AT).
Technical Student Carl Barker (ECP) joins
the project.
Presentation and demo at HEPVM (Lyon). People at FNAL (Fermi National
Accelerator Laboratory (US)), NIKHEF (Nationaal Instituut voor Kern- en
Hoge Energie Fysika, (NL)), DESY (Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron,
Hamburg, (DE)) join with WWW servers.
Distribution of WWW through CernLib, including Viola. WWW library
code ported to DECnet. Report to the Advisory Board on Computing.
Introduction of CVS for code management
at CERN.
Plenary session demonstration to the HEP community at CHEP’92 in
Annecy (FR).
Jump back in time to a snapshot of the
Project Page as of 3 Nov 1992
and the WWW project web of the time,
including the list of all 26 resoanably reliable
NCSA’s having just been added, but no sign of Mosaic.


By now, Midas (Tony Johnson, SLAC), Erwise (HUT), and Viola (Pei Wei,
O’Reilly Associates) browsers are available for X; CERN Mac browser
(ECP) released as alpha. Around 50 known HTTP servers.
NCSA release first alpha version of Marc Andreessen’s “Mosaic for X”.
Computing seminar at CERN.
The University of Minnesota
href=””>announcedthat they would begin to charge licensing fees for Gopher’s use, which
caused many volunteers and employees to stop using it and switch to
WWW (Port 80 HTTP) traffic measures 0.1% of NSF backbone traffic. WWW
presented at Online
Publishing 93
, Pittsburgh.The Acceptable Use Policy prohibiting commercial use of the Internet

so that it becomes becomes allowed.
April 30: Date on the declaration by CERN’s directors that WWW
technology would be freely usable by anyone, with no fees being payable
to CERN. A milestone document.
Ari Luotonen (ECP) joins the project at CERN. He implements access
authorisation, proceeds to re-write the CERN httpd server.
July 28-30
O’Reilly hosts first
href=”History/1994/WWW/WorkingNotes/Overview.html#z45″>WWW Wizards
in Cambridge Mass (US).
WWW (Port 80 http) traffic measures 1% of NSF backbone traffic. NCSA
releases working versions of Mosaic browser for all common platforms:
X, PC/Windows and Macintosh.September 6-10: On a bus at a
Information at Newcastle University, MIT’s Prof. David
Gifford suggests Tim BL contact Michael Dertouzos of MIT/LCS as a
possible consortium host site.
Over 200 known HTTP servers. The European Commission, the Fraunhofer
Gesellschaft and CERN start the first Web-based project of the European
Union (DG XIII): WISE, using the Web for dissemination of technological
information to Europe’s less favoured regions.
WWW receives IMA award. John Markov writes a page and a half on WWW
and Mosaic in “The New York Times” (US) business section. “The
Guardian” (UK) publishes a page on WWW, “The Economist” (UK) analyses
the Internet and WWW.Robert Cailliau gets go-ahead from CERN management to organise the
First International WWW Conference at CERN.


O’Reilly, Spry, etc announce “Internet in a box” product to bring the
Web into homes.
Marc Andreessen and colleagues leave NCSA to form “Mosaic
Communications Corp” (later Netscape).
May 25-27
First International WWW
, CERN, Geneva. Heavily oversubscribed (800 apply, 400
allowed in): the “Woodstock of the Web”. VRML is conceived here. TBL’s
closing keynote hints at upcoming organization. (Some of Tim’s
href=”/Talks/WWW94Tim/”>slides on Semantic Web
M. Bangemann
href=””>report on European
Commission Information Superhighway plan. Over 1500 registered servers.Load on the first Web server ( 1000 times what it has
been 3 years earlier.
alt=”Over June ’91 to June 94, stead” />

MIT/CERN agreement to start W3 Organisation is announced by Bangemann
in Boston.
. Reports in Wall Street Journal, Boston Globe etc.
Founding of the
href=”″>IW3C2: the
International WWW Conference Committee, in Boston, by NCSA and
The European Commission and CERN propose the WebCore project for
development of the Web core technology in Europe.
1 October
World Wide Web Consortium founded.
Second International WWW
“Mosaic and the Web”, Chicago. Also heavily oversubscribed: 2000 apply,
1300 allowed in.
14 December
First W3

Meeting at M.I.T. in Cambridge (USA).
15 December
First meeting with European Industry and the European Consortium
branch, at the European
, Brussels.
16 December
CERN Council approves unanimously the construction of the
href=””>LHC (Large
Hadron Collider) accelerator, CERN’s next machine and competitor to the
US’ already defunct SSC (Superconducting Supercollider). Stringent
budget conditions are however imposed. CERN thus decides not to
continue WWW development, and in concertation with the European
Commission and INRIA (the Institut
National pour la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, FR)
transfers the WebCore project to INRIA.


the Web is the main reason for the theme of the G7 meeting hosted by
the European Commission in the European Parliament buildings in
Brussels (BE).
CERN holds a two-day
href=””>seminar for
the European Media (press, radio, TV), attended by 250 reporters, to
show WWW. It is demonstrated on 60 machines, with 30 pupils from the
local International High School helping the reporters “surf the
Third International WWW
“Tools and Applications”, hosted by the
href=””>Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, in
Darmstadt (DE)
Founding of the Web Society in
Graz (AT), by the Technical University of Graz (home of Hyper-G), CERN,
the University of Minnesota (home of Gopher) and INRIA.

See also:

Dan Connolly, 2000Webmasterfeedback to www-talk (
href=””>archive) and/or

$Revision: 1.49 $ of $Date: 2006/06/13 22:35:21 $

created circa 1995 by Robert Cailliau

The Read Write web

Dan Gilmour article

Viral Video The Machine is Using US:


The groups will remain as they were last week:

Morning Workshops:

  • 9am-10.15am Creative Industries Management Group
  • 10.15am – 11.30am Media Production Red Group

Afternoon Workshops:

  • 1.30pm-2.45pm Media Production Green Group
  • 2.45pm-4.15pm Media Production Blue Group